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71 Interesting Facts About Pakistan

71 Interesting Facts About Pakistan

Last updated on September 7th, 2017
Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population of more than 204 million people. It is the 36th-largest country in the world in terms of area, covering 796,095 sq km (307,374 sq mi.) Let’s explore more about this country with the following facts.

71 Interesting facts about Pakistan’s noted personalities, trade, infrastructure, irrigation, independence, fertile desert, talent and more…

#1. Sialkot, located in Pakistan, is the world’s largest producer of handsewn footballs. Local factories in the region produce 40-60 million footballs a year, which is roughly 50-70% of the world’s total production.
#2. Pakistan is the world’s first Islamic country to attain nuclear power.
#3. Pakistan has the highest paved international road – The Karakoram Highway (KKH).

#4. Pakistan has the largest canal-based irrigation system in the world.
#5. Pakistan has the world’s largest ambulance network. Pakistan’s Edhi Foundation, which is also listed in the Guinness Book of World Records, operates the network.
#6. The highest batting partnership formed by two players playing in their first Test matches in the sport of Cricket is 249 runs by Khalid Ibadulla (b. 20 December 1935) and Abdul Kadir (b. 1944, d. 2002) for Pakistan against Australia in Karachi, Pakistan, in the match played 24-29 October 1964.
#7. Pakistan’s estimated population was 201,995,540 in July 2016, making it the world’s sixth-most-populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of Nigeria.
#8. The name Pakistan means ‘land of the pure’ in Persian and Urdu.
#9. Just two people have won the Nobel Prize from Pakistan. They are: Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014 and Abdus Salam for Physics in 1979.

#10. ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’ is the official name of Pakistan.
#11. Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan, is its financial hub as well as home to almost 17 million people. It also has a major seaport.
#12. Pakistan became independent in 1947 from the British Indian Empire.
#13. The Pakistani rupee is the official currency of Pakistan.
#14. Sugarcane juice is the national drink of Pakistan. In Pakistan, it is also known as “roh.”
Learn more: facts about Pakistani food and cuisine
#15. Afghanistan, China, India, and Iran share a border with Pakistan.
#16. Pakistan’s national language is Urdu, while its official language is English.
#17. The internet is used by 35.835 million people in Pakistan. It occupies position number 27 on the list of the top internet-using countries in the world. Nearly 18% of its population uses the Internet (July 2015 est.)
#18. The ‘Khewra Salt Mine’ in Pakistan is the largest and oldest salt mine in the world.
#19. Pakistan has the only fertile desert in the world – the Tharparkar desert – located in Sindh province.

#20. Pakistan has the eleventh-largest armed force in the world. It has 617,000 people in its army. UN peacekeeping missions are supported largely by the Pakistani army.
#21. According to a survey, Pakistan has one of the world’s top national anthem tunes.
#22. Pakistanis are the fourth-most intelligent people in the world, according to poll results gathered from 125 countries by the Institute of European Business Administration.
#23. The world’s seventh-largest collection of scientists and engineers is from Pakistan.
#24. The world’s longest glacial system outside the polar regions – the Biafo Glacier – is in Pakistan.
#25. The largest earth-filled dam in the world (and fifth largest by structural volume) is the ‘Tarbela Dam’ on the Indus river in Pakistan.
#26. Out of the total land area in Pakistan, 25% is under agricultural cultivation. Pakistan irrigates three times more land area than Russia.
#27. The once world’s largest man-made forest is in Pakistan – the Changa Manga forest (12,423 acres in area). It is named after two brother dacoits, the Changa Manga forest was originally planted in 1866 by British foresters.
#28. Mango is the national fruit of Pakistan, and its national flower is Jasmine.
#29. The markhor is the national animal of Pakistan. Its national bird is the chukar partridge.
#30. Pakistan has some of the best-trained air force pilots in the world.
#31. The Shah Faisal Mosque in Pakistan can accommodate 100,000 worshipers at a time. It was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993.

#32. MM Alam, late Air Commodore from Pakistan, is known to have shot five planes in less than a minute during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
#33. Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, has a population of 1.365 million (2015).
#34. March 23rd is Pakistan’s Republic Day or “Pakistan Day.”
#35. Almost 55% of Pakistan’s population is literate.
#36. Life expectancy in Pakistan is 67.7 years (2016.)
#37. The majority of Pakistan’s population is Muslim, amounting to 96.4%, while the rest includes Hindus and Christians.
#38. The GDP of Pakistan is $988.2 billion (2016 est.)
#39. In 1965, Pakistan had a second war with India over Kashmir. The seventeen-day war caused thousands of casualties on both sides, and also witnessed the largest tank battle since World War II.
#40. Pakistan and India both claimed victory in the war of 1965, which ended after a ceasefire declaration by the intervention of the Soviet Union and the United States.
#41. In 1973, Pakistan adopted a constitution for the parliamentary system of government.
#42. Benazir Bhutto became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan, and of any Muslim nation. (Learn about Pakistani culture and traditions)

#43. Islamic law became the law of the land in Pakistan after legislation was passed in 1991.
#44. On August 31st, 2007, General Parvez Musharraf amended the constitution of Pakistan to allow himself a third term as president.
#45. On November 29, 2007, Musharraf took the oath as President for the third time.
#46. On May 2, 2011 – Osama bin Laden was killed by U.S. special forces during a raid in Abbottabad, Pakistan. He was the leader of Al Qaeda.
#47. Pakistan consumed 82 billion kWh of electricity, while it produced 100 billion kWh (2014 est.)
#48. Pakistan generates 67.7% of energy from fossil fuels, 3.2% from nuclear fuels, 28.6% from hydroelectric plants and 0.4% from other renewable sources (2015).
#49. Pakistan emits 145 million metric tons of carbon dioxide annually (2012).
#50. There were 2,990,954 fixed-line and 125.9 million cellular mobile subscribers in Pakistan in 2015.
#51. The internet country code for Pakistan is .pk.
#52. There are 151 airports in Pakistan (2013).
#53. A total length of 11,881 km is covered by railways in Pakistan. Out of this length, 11,492 km is the broad gauge, while 389 km is the narrow gauge.
#54. There is 263,942 km of roadway infrastructure in Pakistan, out of which 708 km is the expressway.
#55. Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is the major port in Karachi, Pakistan.
#56. Pakistan spent 3.56% of its GDP on military expenditures in 2016.
#57. Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai, Juniper Shaft cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave and Mughall saa cave are major archaeological sites in Pakistan.
#58. Pakistan’s major crops include cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane.
#59. The total cropped area in Pakistan is 22.94 million hectares.
#60. Textiles, cement, fertilizer, steel, sugar, electric goods and shipbuilding are the major industries in Pakistan.
#61. There are: 916 hospitals, 4600 dispensaries, 113,206 registered doctors, 552 rural health centers and 6741 women’s health workers in Pakistan.
#62. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the National Poet of Pakistan.
#63. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) is the Father of the Nationof Pakistan.
#64. The duration of Pakistan’s National Anthem is 80 seconds.
#65. There are 51 universities and 155,000 primary schools in Pakistan.
#66. K-2 (Chagori) is the highest mountain peak in Pakistan, and the second highest in the world.
#67. Mamnoon Hussain is the current President of Pakistan, and Shahid Khaqan Abbasi is the country’s Prime Minister.
#68. A person at the age of 18 is qualified to vote in Pakistan.
#69. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Pakistan.
#70. The United States, Hong Kong S.A.R., Germany, United Kingdom, Japan and the United Arab Emirates are major export trade partners of Pakistan.
#71. Pakistan imports: machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer and foodstuffs.
Pakistan is a country with a very big and diverse population. There are several ethnic groups in the Pakistani society. Here are the main ones:
– North: Wakhi, Shinaki, Dards, Burusho, and Baltis;
– South: Muhajirs and Makrani;
– East: Kashmiris, Punjabis, Sindhis, and Potwaris;
– West: Pashtuns, Hazaras, and Baloch.
In such a diverse country, honor, pride, and shame are all common values which influence people’s behavior. In order to avoid social ostracism, the Pakistani protect their reputation — both their personal reputation as well as the reputation of family members.

20 facts about Pakistani family customs, traditions, and hospitality

#1. The Pakistani have a sense of extended family, which goes beyond the nuclear family and includes immediate and distant relatives, friends, fellow tribe members, and even neighbors. Loyalty to family is above any and all other relationships — even business.
#2. So, hiring relatives is a common practice which has a positive spin in Pakistani culture, due to this high sense of loyalty.
#3. Forming new relationships is very important in Pakistan, and asking friends and colleagues to make business introductions is a normal thing to do.
#4. One important observation to be made here is that it is very inappropriate when someone asks questions to a Pakistani about any of their female relatives, especially their wives.
#5. Casual dating is disapproved and many marriages are arranged by the family elders even today.
#6. When there is no arrangement, parent approval is still necessary — in Pakistan, marriage is seen as a responsibility of the parents, especially due to the need of protecting the family’s honor.
7. Women stay in the home and men go to work. When a woman works, they are usually involved in fields such as nursing or teaching.
#8. Women have the same rights as men, including voting and being educated, a woman has been a prime minister in the past, there are many female judges as well.
#9. The reason for the women stay at home is that Pakistani families are larger— 6 children is considered normal — and the woman is responsible for raising the children, along with the extended family as well.
#10. Living closely to extended family also emphasizes the transmission of Pakistani customs and traditions across generations, as well as the respect for their elders and the traditional Pakistani gender roles too.
#11. When entering a Pakistani home, usually you will need to remove your shoes.The best way to make sure is to look at your host’s feet and follow suit.

#12. Greet the elders first; the greetings exchange is usually made between members of the same sex. Men will shake hands and, when closer in relationship, might as well hug each other. Women will hug and kiss.
#13. You will notice that Pakistani do not use first names, unless among close friends.
#14. Titles denote respect: use them.
#15. Also, bring a small gift to the hostess — good chocolates are the best option for men, while women may also gift flowers (non-white, which are only for weddings).
#16. Give your gift with both hands; do not give alcohol; your host will not open your gift when receiving it.
#17. You will probably be served tea, since it is considered a sign of hospitality.
#18. Taboo subjects are sex, dating, homosexuality, alcohol, and questioning Islamic beliefs.
#19. Eating utensils are used only by Westernized families, so you have to eat with your right hand.
#20. Although guests are served first, you should only start eating after the oldest person starts.
Pakistani cuisine, given the variety of ethnicities and geography, is very diverse. However, you can be assured of two things:
1. Red meat is halal and slaughtered according to the Islam; and
2. Pork is forbidden and virtually impossible to find. Here is what the average Pakistani home-made meals look like:
– Breakfast: tea, bread, eggs, honey, nuts, and fruits.
– Lunch: meat-based curry and rice
– Dinner: this is the big family meal with meat kebab, spicy lentils with gravy, naan flat bread, among others.

10 other food-related facts:

#1. Curry and spices are used very often in Pakistani cuisine, which leads us to #2;
#2. As a consequence, plain white rice is the most common side dish.
#3. Lentils are also very common.
#4. Meats — beef, lamb, chicken, and fish — are often marinated in yogurt.
#5. Southern Pakistani food is much spicier.
#6. Northern Pakistani cuisine is centered around plain barbecued meat.
#7. As a rule of thumb, seafood is usually curried.
#8. Food is often fried in ghee, a type of butter.
#9. The Pakistani also eat many pickles, preserved foods, and chutneys.
#10. Pakistani drink green tea throughout the day.
As for Pakistani dresses, you will find that Pakistani are very formal, and also respectful of the Islamic code. Women clothes are also conservative, covering the skin and very loose. Pakistani men are required to cover their bodies between the navel and the knee, so make sure your clothing covers these areas too.

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